Maitshwe Nchaupe lll Aubrey Mokoape (b. 6 Sept 1944) was active when the PAC was formed 6 April 1959. Convicted during the anti-pass campaign of 21 March 1960 led by Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe. In this he became the youngest political prisoner in the history of the Anti-Apartheid movement. He matriculated from Orlando High School.

At the then Univ of Natal Medical School, he interacted with the likes of Bantu Steve Biko, “Gees” Goolam Abram Mayet, Chapman Palweni, Mamphela Ramphele, and Joel “China” Matsipa in the lead up to the formation of the SA Students’ Organisation (SASO) in 1969. He was instrumental in SASO commemorating the 21st March as “Heroes Day” in 1971.

On 19 Dec 1971 at the conclusion of the National Organisation Conference at the Donaldson Orlando Community Centre, he was elected to the Ad Hoc Committee to form a political organisation (Kalushi Drake Koka: Chair, Fanyana Mazibuko: Sect). He was involved in the inauguration of the Black People’s Convention (BPC) 11-12 July 1972, at the Edendale Lay Ecumenical Centre, Pietermaritzburg.

He was banned in 1973 during his final year of medical studies. Involved in the Viva Frelimo Rallies (Sept 1974), he was amongst the scores of Black Consciousness leaders and activists arrested throughout SA under Section 6 of the Terrorism Act.

Charged on 31 Jan 1975 in the SASO/BPC Trial, he was the 3rd accused (with Saths Cooper, Muntu kaMyeza, Mosioua Lekota, Nkwenkwe Nkomo, Pandelani Nefolovhodwe, Kaborone Sedibe, Zithulele Cindi, and Strini Moodley).

The SA Medical and Dental Council struck him off the roll of medical practitioners while he served his 6 year sentence on Robben Island. He was released on 20 Dec 1982. He was restored as a medical practitioner in 1983. Ismail Mahomed, S.C. (later Chief Justice) and Dikgang Moseneke (later Deputy Chief Justice) were instructed by Priscilla Jana in this matter.

Disillusioned by anti-apartheid politics, Dr Mokoape remained deeply committed to a Azania free of oppression and exploitation